FEDERAL INVESTIGATION AGENCY
INTEGRATED BORDER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Government of Pakistan
DEFICIENCIES IN PISCES

During the process of PISCES implementation a number of immigration issues which were a big challenge before PISCES (e.g., implementation of ECL and tracing of doubtful documents) have been handled efficiently; but at the same time while parsing through the experience of running PISCES, a number of alarming issues have surfaced which need to be addressed on priority. Some of the vital bottlenecks which are impeding the implementation of a secure Immigration System are:
PISCES does not have any provision of matching the biometric signatures of the travelers, with its stored data. The data captured by the system is being stored as a repository, but no biometric facial or finger identification system has been integrated with it, to make the best use of the available data
• A comprehensive system required to provide public-key encryption and digital signature is known as a Public-Key Infrastructure. The Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) is used to manage keys and certificates. By managing keys and certificates through a PKI, an organization establishes and maintains a trustworthy networking environment. A PKI enables the use of encryption and digital signature services across a wide variety of applications. It is a norm to transfer, replicate and access critical data on a PKI. PISCES does not have any PKI infrastructure and the data transfer and storage is being done on relatively unsecure lines.
• PISCES does not have any connectivity with the Visa issuance of Pakistani foreign missions. As a consequence there is no data available at the arrival counters, which may authenticate the validity of the visa presented by foreigners.
• The existing system does not have any facility to be updated with the information of the extended visas (or otherwise) by different government agencies
• Although PISCES may be deployed across country on different Entry/ Exit Points, but still it cannot be categorized as a border management system. It has the facility to keep record of travelers but has no provision of controlling access to the Entry/ Exit points.
• PISCES does not have any on-line backend connectivity with Machine Readable Passport (MRP) database for authenticating the validity of Pakistani MRP passports
• No consolidated system exists to receive and update information on the basic element of Watch List e.g. Lost / Stolen Passports. There is an urgent need to design unified formats for the flow of information from Foreign Missions reporting Lost Passports and other Immigration Violations for standardization of the existing System, which would make the Immigration System more accurate and updated.
• While within itself PISCES is a good product, all other supporting functions around it are still manual and militate against efficiency standards set by PISCES e.g. the Embarkation / Disembarkation cards, Form-C for documenting foreigners under Foreigners Registration Act, Performa for deportees.
• Although Foreigner’s Registration Act of Pakistan defines a well documented system to track foreign nationals of category-B countries from the point of disembarkation to the place of arrival in Pakistan, movement within Pakistan and exit from Pakistan cannot be monitored by the manual system and it has many functional flaws; which encourage foreign nationals to stay in Pakistan even after the expiry of their Visa. No communication exists between PISCES and the movement of foreigners of Category-B countries in Pakistan.
• Although there exists a provision for extension of Visa e.g. Field Passport Offices, Ministry of Interior etc for different categories of foreigners, but no communication links exist between our foreign missions and Visa extending & issuing authorities of Pakistan.
• Currently there exists no system of tracing the overstay of foreign nationals in Pakistan, and this has made Pakistan a very safe haven for terrorists and doubtful persons to take shelter and to move to any other country of their choice and activity.